DigForAsp (Digital forensics: evidence analysis via intelligent systems and practices) – CA17124 is funded by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST). DigForAsp activities were launched on 10th September 2018 for 4 years.
Digital forensics is a part of the Criminalistics Sciences which deals with digital evidence recovery and exploitation in the solution of criminal cases through the application of scientific principles. There are several and increasingly sophisticated methods for collecting digital evidence. As a matter of fact, the evolution of technology continuously pushes such kind of methods. Rough evidence must however be used to elicit hypotheses concerning events, actions and facts (or sequences of them) with the goal to obtain evidence to present in court. Evidence analysis involves examining fragmented incomplete knowledge, and reconstructing and aggregating complex scenarios involving time, uncertainty, causality, and alternative possibilities. No established methodology exists today for digital evidence analysis. The Scientific Investigation experts usually proceed by means of their experience and intuition.
The Challenge of the proposed COST Action consists in creating a Network for exploring the potential of the application of Artificial Intelligence and Automated Reasoning in the Digital Forensics field, and creating synergies between these fields. Specifically, the challenge is to address the Evidence Analysis phase, where evidence about possible crimes and crimes perpetrators collected from various electronic devices (by means of specialized software, and according to specific regulations) must be exploited so as to reconstruct possible events, event sequences and scenarios related to a crime. Evidence Analysis results are then made available to law enforcement, investigators, public prosecutors, lawyers and judges: it is therefore crucial that the adopted techniques guarantee reliability and verifiability, and that their result can be explained to the human actors.
How to participate in the Action
In opposition to many EU-funded projects, it is possible to participate in an ongoing project. That is why we speak about the ‘openness’ of COST Actions.
There are the following options how you can participate in COST Actions: as a Management Committee (MC) member, as a working group member or as a participant in Action activities
The European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) provides funding for the creation of research networks, called COST Actions. These networks offer an open space for collaboration among scientists across Europe (and beyond) and thereby give impetus to research advancements and innovation.
COST is bottom up, this means that researchers can create a network – based on their own research interests and ideas – by submitting a proposal to the COST Open Call. The proposal can be in any science field. COST Actions are highly interdisciplinary and open. It is possible to join ongoing Actions, which therefore keep expanding over the funding period of four years. They are multi-stakeholder, often involving the private sector, policymakers as well as civil society.
Since 1971, COST receives EU funding under the various research and innovation framework programmes, such as Horizon 2020.